The information presented in this chapter covers R&D activities between 1963 and 2008.

R&D statistics are produced using a range of sources, all managed directly by Istat, including both surveys on enterprises, public and nonprofit institutions and estimates based on administrative figures from universities.

The figures are presented in terms of expenditure by type, source of financing, type of research and institutional sector, in addition to staff by task, education level and institutional sector.

For Research and Development statistics, Istat has always focussed on collecting final data, leaving all or part of the responsibility for forecasts to other institutions (such as the National Research Council (CNR) or the Ministry of Education, University and Research)...full text





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