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At the time of Italian unification, Italian industry was in a very under-developed phase. Difficulty in developing was combined with a scarcity of raw materials, the inadequacy of energy sources, the geophysical structure of the territory itself and the delay in economic integration between the various areas within the country. Despite these initial problems, Italy was the first country in southern Europe to achieve a stable level of industrialisation as early as the beginning of the Second World War.

Nonetheless, the transition from a prevalently agricultural society to an industrial country  only really took place after the war, as the number of factory workers gradually overcame those involved in agriculture. Since then the industrial sector has seen extraordinary development, transforming the structure of Italian society, changing life-styles and causing wide swathes of the population to move area and social roles...full text 

 

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