Social security, together with healthcare, is part of the wider system of social welfare which allows society's present and future needs to be met.

Social security draws on collective resources to provide support to individuals and households facing specific events or needs which cannot usually be faced with only the resources from their own working activity or other family or individual sources of income. Social security measures therefore perform a form of income redistribution across sectors, categories and geographical area.

Historically, statistics - both official and unofficial - have played a central role in this area. In 1800 the constant rise in accidents and diseases at work, linked to the process of industrialisation, inevitably began to weigh on public finances, given the need to provide economic and health assistance to old age or disabled workers. Insurance was identified as the means to deal with these social problems, which were extending to ever wider areas of the population... full text




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